A dividend is a payment by the company to its shareholders. Normally, a stock pays 4 times a year a quarter dividend in order to participate investors at the company’s success. The amount of dividends in relation to the earnings of a company is called payout ratio. The figure measures the part of the earned money which is paid to the shareholders. A payout ratio of up to 50 percent (half of it’s earnings) is a good figure. Sometimes it could be possible that companies can pay 90 percent of its net income due to its business model. Those businesses don’t need much money for growing.
The dividend amount in relation to the price that an investor pays is called the dividend yield. The value measures the return of the investor. A dividend yield of 5 percent (High-Yield) means that the investor receives 5 percent of his investment in cash – pretax within a year. This value is estimated for the full year dividends. Most of the highest yielding dividend stocks have only a big quarter dividend of more than one percent because of it’s unsustainable dividends. The capital market expects a dividend dividend cut by the company.
An important date for investors is the ex-dividend date. This is the day on which the new investor doesn’t receive any dividend payments. He must wait 3 month for the next quarter dividend.